A few guys in a basement or a garage. A desktop sitting next to you as the server. Slinging code and trying to get it to customers. At my first startup, we didn’t even have an internet connection – we developed on a local LAN, and transferred the deliverable to the clients via FTP from home, or sometimes even via disk. We got a few customer and rented an office space, and then had 6 guys in 3000 square feet of open space with a few folding tables. Later, we were able to build out walls, hire more people, and make it a real office….Post launch, we quickly went public, had lots of paper numbers next to our names. And then it all crashed. [Dave Armstrong]
All of the pre-launch effort was done in “stealth mode”. Namely, company officials made sound like they were doing something absolutely groundbreaking, largely to get as much PR as possible (for free). So if you read the glossies about what these guys were doing, the picture in the press would have been totally different than the above. This hyped up a product they were working on, often while still figuring out what they needed to build in the first place–but in a vacuum of feedback.
The emphasis rested on information about what they were doing, especially around the competitive threat this implied. The assumption was that anyone could potentially catch wind of their idea, and replicate it, and take the market before them. So it was better to not let anyone know what is going on. In fact, overfocussing on your competition wastes a lot of your attention and resources in places that aren’t particularly important at the early stage. It’s largely a distraction, unless if all you want to do is license an invention. And in that case your “competition” is basically your client, anyway. The fact is: most early stage business fail due to internal factors, not external ones. There’s lots of data points on this one:
Venture capitalists in one survey attributed 65% of failures within their portfolio companies to problems within the startup’s management team, according to Harvard’s Noam Wasserman in Founder’s Dilemmas.
Or premature scaling: over 40% of startup failures are caused by building something nobody wants. Corporates have a similar track record on both counts. Both of these from CBInsights’ picnic in the innovation graveyard.
Notice how competitors are conspicuously absent from the above.
What is competition exactly and why does that matter?
Your competition is defined by who you are selling to. They are selling roughly the same value proposition to the same people. It’s not everyone with a pulse.That’s a really common early stage prioritization problem, which the Hero Canvas is meant to help with.
And this can vary significantly by product type or sector. For books and lower $ value products, many people buy a few items at once. Like a books on a new topic they’re exploring. So authors don’t really compete with one another, at least from the perspective of selling books. From a business model perspective, they can become partners, a distribution channel, a complementary offering. You name it. Of course, not every industry is like this, and I don’t want to be suggesting this is the only way to do it. But it’s useful to think this way in completely disparate industries like power turbine engineering, based on discussions with my clients and friends.
There is a very human tendency to compare yourself to others doing similar things. But for a totally new type of product, before you have:
validated the product
confirmed the market
made sure that people are happy enough with your product to recommend it to others
The competition is largely irrelevant. Yes, you need to get through these steps, and then once you are thinking about growth, then competition starts to matter more. Until then, just get everything lined up first.
So what about stealth mode is a bad idea?
It keeps you from interacting with prospects and customers. So you don’t get product feedback. Which can kill your product. It keeps you from aligning on the team. You risk creating something irrelevant which needs to change massively after you do go live.
But primarily, it’s a distraction. The benefit of not alerting your competitors usually doesn’t matter. For large competitors, you are a “rounding error”. For small competitors, they’re struggling to get validated and to start growing too. So just get on with it and start speaking to people!
Build the right team and validate the need for your product first
Be healthyfully mindful of competitors, while keeping a distance to this topic until you start really focussing on growth
Be open to collaborating and specializing within your industry, as there are alternative business models
For years, I have struggled to articulate exactly why experiments are so valuable, despite my enthusiastically foisting them on unsuspecting founders. The scientific process makes a lot of sense in an academic research context. But what exactly is it’s value in business, other than being trendy in the Lean Startup crowd?